In 1851. a local priest, Petar Dorcic, discovered the stone in the floor of the early
romanesque church of St Lucija in Jurandvor near Baska.
The preserved text was sufficiently long to make it a valuable source of information
concerning the development of glagoljica lettering, as well as the croatian language.
It confirms the existence of Croatia from the early days, mentions King Zvonimir
and shows the northern borders of his domain on the island of Krk.
The text was partly deciphered in 1865, but only fully understood in 1875. Initially
it was assumed that it bore some secret message, but subsequently it became clear
that it describes a gift from King Dmitar Zvonimir (1075.-1089.) to the church of
St Lucija. Amongst other things, the text lists witnesses at the gift presentation,
as well as the year when the church was built. The stone slab itself reportedly dates
from the year 1100.
This historic relic remained in the spot where it was found until 1934, when it was
handed over to the Academy of Art and Science in Zagreb for safekeeping. In it`s
original place in the church of St Lucija in Jurandvor a convincing replica was erected.
Small imitations of the slab are offered in many shops to the tourists as souvenirs.
Here we provide transliteration of 13 lines of the Glagolitic text of the Baska tablet
into Latin characters.
TOCĚ DA IŽE TO POREČE KLЪNI I BO(G) I BÏ(=12) AP(OSTO)LA I G(=4) E-
VA(N)J(E)LISTI I S(VE)TAĚ LUCIĚ AM(E)NЪ DA IŽE SDĚ ŽIVE-
TЪ MOLI ZA NE BOGA AZЪ OPATЪ D(O)BROVITЪ ZЪ-
DAH CRĚKЪVЪ SIJu I SVOEJu BRATIJu SЪ DEV-
ETIJu VЪ DNI KЪNEZA KOSЪMЪTA OBLAD-
AJuĆAGO VЪSU KЪRAINU I BĚŠE VЪ TЪ DNI M-
IKULA VЪ OTOČЪCI [SЪ S]VETUJu LUCIJu VЪ EDINO
The approximate English translation of the Baska tablet is as follows:
I, in the name of Father and Son and the Holy Spirit, I
abbot Drzhiha, wrote this about the plot of land which
was given by Zvonimir, the Croatian King, in
his days to St. Lucy (Sv. Lucija) and witnesses (are):
Desimir, Prefect of Krbava, Martin (Mratin) in
Lika, Pribinezha, clerk in Vinodol, Jacob (Jakov) on the
island. If anyone denies it, let him be cursed by 12 Apostles and 4
Evangelists and St. Lucy (Sv. Lucija). Let anyone who lives here
prays God for them. I abbot Dobrovit
built this church with my nine brethren
at the time of Prince Kosmat who ruled
the whole Country. In those days
Mikula was in Otochac with St. Lucy (Sv. Lucija) together.
Baška Tablet is a stone monument (carved white limestone) 99.5 cm high, 199 cm wide,
and a thickness in the range of 7.5 to 9 cm. Originally it was carved on the left
pluteus of the one-time altar septum in the mentioned St. Lucy church. The tablet
is depicted on the obverse of the Croatian 100 kuna banknote, issued in 1993 and
POLYPTYCH ST. LUCIA - Paolo Veneziano
From the church of St. Lucia 1944 he was transferred to the Bishopric of Krk. And
there are today. Fundamental restored.