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In 1851. a local priest, Petar Dorcic, discovered the stone in the floor of the early romanesque church of  St Lucija in Jurandvor near Baska.

 

The preserved text was sufficiently long to make it a valuable source of information concerning the development of glagoljica lettering, as well as the croatian language. It confirms the existence of Croatia from the early days, mentions King Zvonimir and shows the northern borders of his domain on the island of Krk.

 

The text was partly deciphered in 1865, but only fully understood in 1875. Initially it was assumed that it bore some secret message, but subsequently it became clear that it describes a gift from King Dmitar Zvonimir (1075.-1089.) to the church of St Lucija. Amongst other things, the text lists witnesses at the gift presentation, as well as the year when the church was built. The stone slab itself reportedly dates from the year 1100.

 

This historic relic remained in the spot where it was found until 1934, when it was handed over to the Academy of Art and Science in Zagreb for safekeeping. In it`s original place in the church of St Lucija in Jurandvor a convincing replica was erected.

 

Small imitations of the slab are offered in many shops to the tourists as souvenirs.

 

Here we provide transliteration of 13 lines of the Glagolitic text of the Baska tablet into Latin characters.

A[ZЪ VЪ IME O]TCA I S(I)NA [I S](VE)TAGO DUHA AZЪ

OPAT[Ъ] DRŽIHA PISAHЪ SE O LEDI[N]Ě JuŽE

DA ZЪVЪNIM[I]RЪ KRALЪ HRЪVATЪSKЪÏ [VЪ]

DNI SVOJĘ VЪ SVETUJu LUCIJu I S[VEDO]-

MI ŽUPANЪ DESIMRA KRЪ[BA]VĚ MRA[TIN]Ъ VЪ L(I)-

CĚ PR(I)BЪNEBŽA [S]Ъ POSL[Ъ] VIN[OD](O)LĚ [ĚK](O)VЪ V(Ъ) O-

TOCĚ DA IŽE TO POREČE KLЪNI I BO(G) I BÏ(=12) AP(OSTO)LA I G(=4) E-

VA(N)J(E)LISTI I S(VE)TAĚ LUCIĚ AM(E)NЪ DA IŽE SDĚ ŽIVE-

TЪ MOLI ZA NE BOGA AZЪ OPATЪ D(O)BROVITЪ ZЪ-

DAH CRĚKЪVЪ SIJu I SVOEJu BRATIJu SЪ DEV-

ETIJu VЪ DNI KЪNEZA KOSЪMЪTA OBLAD-

AJuĆAGO VЪSU KЪRAINU I BĚŠE VЪ TЪ DNI M-

IKULA VЪ OTOČЪCI [SЪ S]VETUJu LUCIJu VЪ EDINO

The approximate English translation of the Baska tablet is as follows:

 I, in the name of Father and Son and the Holy Spirit, I

abbot Drzhiha, wrote  this about the plot of land which

was given by Zvonimir, the Croatian King, in

 his days to St. Lucy (Sv. Lucija) and witnesses (are):

 Desimir, Prefect of Krbava, Martin (Mratin) in

 Lika, Pribinezha, clerk in Vinodol, Jacob (Jakov) on the

island. If anyone denies it, let him be cursed by 12 Apostles and 4

Evangelists and St. Lucy (Sv. Lucija). Let anyone who lives here

prays God for them. I abbot Dobrovit

built this church with my nine brethren

 at the time of Prince Kosmat who ruled

 the whole Country. In those days

Mikula was in Otochac with St. Lucy (Sv. Lucija) together.

Baška Tablet is a stone monument (carved white limestone) 99.5 cm high, 199 cm wide, and a thickness in the range of 7.5 to 9 cm. Originally it was carved on the left pluteus of the one-time altar septum in the mentioned St. Lucy church. The tablet is depicted on the obverse of the Croatian 100 kuna banknote, issued in 1993 and 2002

POLYPTYCH ST. LUCIA - Paolo Veneziano

From the church of St. Lucia 1944 he was transferred to the Bishopric of Krk. And there are today. Fundamental restored.

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