Get to know Island of Krk, known under the name of “The Golden Island” for ages.
It is the biggest island in the Adriatic with its surface of 409,9km. Krk is the
nearest island to the countries of Western Europe and is also very well connected
to whole Europe. Because of that fact it is the most attractive tourist center in
the Adriatic and one of a few islands in Croatia that are connected to land by a
bridge. Besides by land, you can get to Krk by sea and by air thanks to numerous
ferry lines and airport situated on the Island.
North side of the island is almost naked because of the influence of a strong wind
while the south side is filled with green nature with lots of natural bays with gravel
beaches. Central and Western part of the island are covered with forests and growing
cultures of Mediterranean fruits and vegetables. Karst relief contributes to making
of interesting karst forms, rocks and caves. Gentle and Mediterranean climate prevails
and allows mild winter and warm and sunny summer. Average summer air temperature
is 23°C and average sea temperature is between 23°C and 25°C. Bora, Jugo and Mistral
are the three winds which are to be entitled for a pleasant climate.
Population was oriented to fishing, agronomy and growing olives for centuries. However,
tourism is the Island’s primary economic branch today. This branch has been giving
in to the island’s development for over 100 years. Tourism nourishes a rich cultural
heritage, tradition, customs and rich culinary skills and excellent wines, which
makes Krk a characteristic and special island.
Island Krk has been populated since ancient history and its rulers have changed for
years to come. By coming of Croats, island divided to four central places, so called
“kaštelas”: Omišalj, Dobrinj, Vrbnik and Baška. Still, the capital, Krk, is the oldest
continually populated place, not just in the island, but also in whole Kvarner. City
was urbanized in antique period while its ground plan saved the Roman urban basis
in its bigger part, with the streets that cross under right angle (cardo-decumanus).
Baška table is definitely the most interesting part of Krk’s cultural heritage and
is located in st. Lucy’s church in Jurandvor near Baška. Baška table is written in
first Croatian letter-Glagolitic alphabet and because of that takes a special place
in Croatian national history and culture.