The glagolitic script is a Slavic script derived from the Greek cursive script around
the middle of the 11th century. St. Cyrill is mentioned as the author of the script.
Presumably, he used this script for the translation of the holy books to Old Slavic.
The glagolitic script appears in two forms: the rounded and the cuneiform. It is
assumed that the differences evolved in a later period. The oldest known remnant
of the script is The Plate of Baška, which shows certain roundness, however the cuneiform
glagolitic script is the specific Croatian form. It was common in Croatia from the
beginning of the 12th centruy, being most frequent in the coastal regions (Istra,
Croatian Seaside, Dalmatia, the islands of Zadar and Kvarner, foremost the islands
of Krk, Cres and Lošinj). However, it could have been found in the inner regions
of Lika and Krbava, reaching as far as the river Kupa, even Međimurje and the Slovene
It reaches its renaissance among the Croatians in the 14th and 15th century. The
most beautiful and the majority of the glagolitic scripts date from that period (The
Vatican Missal from 1315.)
The Path is dedicated to glagolitics and all glagolitic writers throughout history.
It is a Croatian historical primer from A (Az) to Ω (Omega). The aim behind the project
is to construct a long-lasting memorial, which will teach visitors about the cultural-historical
significance and values of the area, and also the history of Croatian statehood.
This will be carried out in the Baška valley, the area where the Baška table was
discovered – the document about Croatian statehood from 1100 A.D.
In this project a path made out of stone sculptures is being created, that in the
end will stretch from the Treskavac pass all the way to the old pier in Baška harbour.
This path won’t be in a straight line, since all the sculptures will be located beside
important cultural, and historical landmarks or significant natural areas. There
will be 34 stone sculptures with sculpted glagolitic letters; four of larger dimensions,
and the work of the academic sculptor Ljubo De Karine, and thirty taking smaller
dimensions, which will be created during the Baška sculptors workshop.
Within this series of sculptures, there will be a 35th one, which will be a sculpture
dedicated to glagolitics and glagolitic writers. All the sculptures will be adorned
with a brass plaque. This will be placed on the sculpture’s plinth and will show
the traditional letter of the sculpture, the name of the sculptor, the Latin translation
of the letter, an inscription in Braille, and the name of the person whose donation
funded the sculpture. The Baška Glagolitic path project was started by the Sinjali
Association from Baška, and is expected to finish in 2010.